Aug 25, 2015

Effects of lift-off and strain relaxation on optical properties of InGaN/GaN blue LED grown on 150 mm diameter Si (111) substrate

Highlights

InGaN/GaN blue LED has been grown on 150-mm diameter Si (111) substrate by MOCVD.
GaN-on-Si blue LED has been lifted-off by mechanical thinning and chemical etching.
The lift-off resulted in phonons softening of GaN in the LED structure.
The PL decay of the InGaN/GaN blue LED is accelerated by the lift-off.
Both are related to the lift-off induced strain relaxations and redistribution.

Abstract

We report on the effect of strain relaxations induced by lift-off in an InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells (MQWs) blue light-emitting diode (LED) structure grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) on a 150-mm diameter Si (111) substrate. To manage the lattice strain and, meanwhile, filter the threading dislocations, an AlN nucleation layer followed by a fourfold-step-graded AlGaN buffer together with multiple low-temperature AlN interlayers hasbeen employed, which results in a crack-free growth of 4.9-µm GaN on Si (111) in the studied LED structure. High-resolution x-ray diffraction (HRXRD) and micro-Raman spectroscopy reveal that MQWs are coherently grown on the GaN layer while the GaN layer is tensile strained on the Si (111) substrate. Lift-off by wet-chemical etching results in phonon softening of both the top-layer GaN and the InGaN within the QWs; meanwhile, a red-shift of ~11 meV in the photoluminescence (PL) from the MQWs accompanied by a significant decrease (>4.9 times) in the PL-peak decay time is observed at room temperature. These observations are discussed and associated with the lift-off induced strain relaxations, which change the wafer curvature that in turn results in redistribution of in-plane stresses along the growth direction in the GaN-on-Si LED structure.

Keywords

  • A1. Characterization
  • A1. High-resolution x-ray diffraction
  • A3. MOCVD
  • B.1 GaN-on-Si;
  • B1. InGaN/GaN blue LED

  • Source;Sciencedirect
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